Diabetes and Hypertension: Disastrous for Your Health

Posted in News   |  By Jubination

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Hypertension (high blood pressure) is becoming increasingly common these days! Not just the elderly, but young adults as well are largely suffering from high blood pressure.

Most instantly blame it on hectic life schedules, stressful jobs, erratic timings etc. but seldom observe their lifestyles that are a major contributor to this problem. Alcohol, junk food, obesity, sedentary lifestyles and lack of a disciplined exercise schedule, all can negatively impact your health. Similar is the case with diabetes in India with over 60 million cases.

While both these ailments are quite detrimental individually as they impact your overall health and critical organs, a lot of people are being diagnosed with the pair of them. In fact, being diagnosed with one of them immediately ups your risk for the other. For instance, diabetes can lead to narrowed arteries which in turn could cause hypertension and other related diseases.

As per The Screening India's Twin Epidemic (SITE) study which monitored hypertension and diabetes across 8 states in India, hypertension was 1.5–2 times more prevalent in diabetic as in non-diabetic individuals and about 30–35% of hypertensives are detected to have diabetes.

Unfortunately, hypertension and diabetes may not always show symptoms and can often go undiagnosed for years, which often leads to damaged blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart disease, kidney disease, retinopathy, Alzheimer's disease etc. The best way to monitor these levels and take preventive action in time is through routine testing.  Endocrinologists suggest , “Regular checkups help ensure that all our levels are within the normal range and any deviancy can be diagnosed and taken care of from the start before it becomes a disease.” Some of the important tests include:

Diabetes Test (HbA1c): HbA1c (Haemoglobin A1c) is a form of haemoglobin in the body to which glucose binds itself. This blood test reveals your blood sugar levels for the past few weeks and checks if it is in the normal range. High value reflects excess sugar in the system and can be managed with a healthy lifestyle before it turns to diabetes.

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Total Lipid profile: An absolutely essential annual test, this profile monitors one risk for cardiovascular diseases by measuring the total amount of fats in the body – cholesterol and triglycerides. High cholesterol levels can impact lead to blocked arteries and in turn heart problems.

Microalbuminuria (Urine Test): Kidney damage is a major concern with diabetes and hypertension. This urine test determines if there is any damage to the kidney by checking for the presence of protein albumin typically found in the bloodstream.

Electrolytes Test: This blood test measures the levels of electrolytes in your body such as sodium and chloride which are crucial for good health. Abnormal levels can be indicative of an emerging or prevalent diseases such as kidney or heart disease and dehydration.

Serum Creatinine: This is another test to check kidney function. Creatinine is actually a toxin cleared out by the kidneys. In case the kidney is not functioning properly, increased levels of creatinine will be reflected in the blood test.

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Apart from these tests, it is also advised to go for regular eye check-ups, especially if diagnosed with diabetes to prevent retinopathy which may lead to severe vision problems. Also, a healthy lifestyle is imperative – eat healthy and nutritious meals and take up any form of physical activity. A healthy lifestyle along with routine check-ups can significantly decrease your chances of diseases and help manage your condition timely in the best manner.

The Jubination Comprehensive Health Package which offers a thorough screening of the body's vital parameters.